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Analysis: Streaming services

The fragmentation of streaming services has been said to lead to an increase in torrenting traffic. Subscribing to multiple platforms means more bills coming in to be paid. Furthermore, it requires more actions from people to be able to get to their favorite shows. Currently there are several big players on the streaming services market, these include Netflix, Prime Video, Disney+, and Hulu. Each service might offer exclusive content, but they also overlap in some of their content.

Dataset

On Kaggle I found a dataset which lists movies hosted by the four aforementioned streaming platforms. The dataset was created by scraping content from Reelgood.com, combined with an IMDb dataset. The IMDb dataset serves to display the IMDb ratings for the movies in the Reelgood.com dataset. The Kaggle dataset was quite clean, it mostly just contained NaNs for unknown values. Therefore not much cleaning was needed. I only needed to shape the data into a usable form for the insights that I wanted to provide. To see this code, take a look at my Jupyter Notebook.

Analysis

  1. Which genres do streaming services offer?
  2. Do streaming services offer old or new movies?
  3. How are movies rated on the platforms?
  4. Bonus: Do the streaming platforms have movies in common?

1. Which genres do streaming services offer?

What are the top 10 genres for each streaming platform? This shows the number of movies each streaming platform hosts for each genre.

These bar charts show the top 10 genres for each streaming platform. This top 10 is calculated using the amount of movies that are present on each platform per genre. We see that for Netflix, Prime Video, and Hulu that the number one genre is Drama followed by Comedy as a number two.

Disney+ has the Family genre as its number one. Family is much lower down the list for the other three platforms.

2. Do streaming services offer old or new movies?

This chart displays the number of movies according to the year of release for Netflix.
This chart displays the number of movies according to the year of release for Prime Video.
This chart displays the number of movies according to the year of release for Disney+.
This chart displays the number of movies according to the year of release for Hulu.
This chart displays the number of movies according to the year of release for all platforms.

The charts above show the number of movies according to the year of release. From these graphs we can infer that most movies hosted on these platforms are from the last 20 years.

Prime and Disney+ seem to have the most varied selection in terms of movie release dates.

3. How are movies rated on the platforms?

This histogram shows the number of movies hosted by Netflix according to the IMDb rating.
This histogram shows the number of movies hosted by Prime Video according to the IMDb rating.
This histogram shows the number of movies hosted by Disney+ according to the IMDb rating.
This histogram shows the number of movies hosted by Hulu according to the IMDb rating.

These graphs display the IMDb rating frequency for each streaming platform. IMDb ratings range from 1 – 10 stars. The higher the rating, the better.

4. Bonus: Do the streaming platforms have movies in common?

Title Netflix Hulu Prime Video Disney+
0 Amy Yes No Yes Yes
1 The Square Yes Yes Yes No
2 The Interview Yes Yes Yes No
3 Blame! Yes Yes Yes No
4 Evolution Yes Yes Yes No
5 No Game No Life: Zero Yes Yes Yes No
6 Zapped Yes Yes No Yes
7 Mother Yes Yes Yes No
8 The Kid No Yes Yes Yes
9 Inside Out No Yes Yes Yes

Interestingly, there isn’t one movie that all platforms host. However, there are 10 different movies that three of four platforms stream (see table above). The ‘yes / no’ values indicate whether the movie in the Title column is hosted on the platform.

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